Element (Minerals/Ores of)
Element (Minerals/Ores of)
Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine.
Titanium is the ninth-most abundant element in Earth’s crust (0.63% by mass) and the seventh-most abundant metal. It is present as oxides in most igneous rocks, in sediments derived from them, in living things, and in natural bodies of water. Of the 801 types of igneous rocks analyzed by the United States Geological Survey, 784 contained titanium. Its proportion of soils is approximately 0.5 to 1.5%.
Common titanium-containing minerals are anatase, brookite, ilmenite, perovskite, rutile, and titanite (sphene). Akaogiite is an extremely rare mineral consisting of titanium dioxide. Of these minerals, only rutile and ilmenite have economic importance, yet even they are difficult to find in high concentrations. About 6.0 and 0.7 million tonnes of those minerals were mined in 2011, respectively. Significant titanium-bearing ilmenite deposits exist in western Australia, Canada, China, India, Mozambique, New Zealand, Norway, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Ukraine. About 186,000 tonnes of titanium metal sponge were produced in 2011, mostly in China (60,000 t), Japan (56,000 t), Russia (40,000 t), the United States (32,000 t), and Kazakhstan (20,700 t). Total reserves of titanium are estimated to exceed 600 million tonnes.
Titanium can be alloyed with iron, aluminum, vanadium, and molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong, lightweight alloys for aerospace (jet engines, missiles, and spacecraft), military, industrial processes (chemicals and petrochemicals, desalination plants, pulp, and paper), automotive, agriculture (farming), medical prostheses, orthopedic implants, dental and endodontic instruments and files, dental implants, sporting goods, jewelry, mobile phones, and other applications.
The gravity separation process is mainly used for large-scale titanium mines with coarse granularity. After being crushed, the titanium mine will be sent to the magnetic separator, then to the spiral chute for further separating. Then flotation separation for higher granularity.
In order to save the flotation separation costs, magnetic separation will be used in the first step, the fine granularity titanium mine will be sent to flotation separation. This method can largely reduce the amount of using flotation reagents and can be easily operated.
After classification, qualified titanium mine granularity can be sent to gravity separation to get titanium concentrate. This method can get a high recovery rate.
60TPH Zircon Rutile Ilmenite Sand Plant in Ghana
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10TPH Beach Sand Rutile Refining Plant
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15TPH Zircon Sand Plant in Kazakhstan
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